EGYPT 101/511: Introduction to Hieroglyphic Egyptian I
Instructor: Prof. S. Noegel
Faculty URL: http://faculty.washington.edu/snoegel/
Provides an introduction to hieroglyphic Egyptian as written during the Middle Kingdom (c. 2040-1782 BCE). Students will learn to read and write basic hieroglyphics. During the latter part of the course we will read a complete Egyptian text. No knowledge of Egypt or any other Near Eastern language is required.
November 26th (Thanksgiving)
70% Daily assignments
25% Preparation of in-class readings
Grading: Graduate Students
50% Daily assignments
10% Preparation of in-class readings
40% Writing or other project to be agreed upon by student and instructor (talk to me)
1. Gardiner, Sir Alan, Egyptian Grammar: Being an Introduction to the Study of
Hieroglyphs (3rd. edition; Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 1988).
2. Faulkner, Raymond O., A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian (Oxford: Ashmolean
3. Course packet of materials in pdf format, including a copy of the Tale of the
Shipwrecked Sailor (Egyptian text). I will provide this electronically.
Introduction to Hieroglyphic Egyptian, the Alphabet
General introduction to the hieroglyphic writing system, its phonetic alphabet, determinatives, and logograms. Focus on the pictographic and rebus writing nature of the system.
Read Gardiner, pp. 1-30.
Learn alphabet p. 27.
Do exercise I, pp. 29-30.
Ideograms and Determinatives
We will acquire several logograms and determinatives and progress into a brief introduction into how these aspects of the writing system function in the language. An examination of brief hieroglyphic texts that incorporate the full range of the writing system.
Read Gardiner, pp. 30-36.
Study signs, p. 37.
Do exercise II, pp. 37-38.
Bi-literals (the sdm-n-f form)
An introduction to hieroglyphic signs that have bi-literal values and also the past tense verbal form and its usage. Several verbs are acquired that allow for a reading of a few brief Egyptian passages.
Read Gardiner, pp. 38-43.
Do exercise III, pp. 43-44.
Discussion of the use of pronouns and their syntax in the Egyptian sentence. Three types of pronouns are introduced (independent, suffix, and dependent).
Read Gardiner, pp. 44-48.
Do exercise IV, pp. 48-49.
Aspects of the Hieroglyphic Language: the Future Tense
Introduction to the future tense of the Egyptian verb. Brief exploration of several Egyptian inscriptions that incorporate the vocabulary and syntax that we have learnt. We will highlight the important features of the inscriptions that suggest derivations in usage and syntax.
Read Gardiner, pp. 49-56.
Do exercise V, pp. 57-58.
Plurals and Duals
Plural and dual markers are introduced. We continue with several reading exercises in class while commenting upon and repeating the most important syntactical features.
Read Gardiner, pp. 58-63.
Do exercise VI, pp. 63-64.
Parts Seven and Eight
The Syntax of Nouns and Pronouns: Negative Constructions
We will examine variant syntax of nouns and pronouns in negative constructions, and learn the keys to rapid reading of the tense of the Egyptian sentence based on variant syntax.
Read Gardiner, pp. 64-69, 71-85.
Do exercise VII, pp. 70-71, exercise VIII, pp. 84-85.
Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor
We begin the in-depth reading of the Middle Kingdom text of the Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor. As we proceed through the text, we will comment on various elements of a syntactical, lexical, and literary nature.